children do not have blood in enough quantity it is a condition, which is
causing great pain. This paucity of blood is known as anemia. The physical and
mental development of children is very much adversely affected by anemia. The
children, who are suffering from anemia, stop adding to their weight and height.
They cannot concentrate in education. The children have no interest in any job
what so ever and to the bad luck of children the parents do not appreciate this
apathy Even if the parents know this condition they do not understand any
seriousness or even ignore the children. Even when parents try to attend the
development of. Children they are not capable to understand that development of
children is thwarted by anemia.
if a child has hemoglobin less than 12 gin, he is called anemic. But the
symptoms of anemia are visible even before a child goes under 12 gm. The reason
is that in other cells of the body, iron is already lower than required. The
main symptoms of anemia in children are less hunger, hindrance in increase in
weight and height, peevish nature, paucity of natural alertness and vitality. An
anemic child loses the disease fighting capacity. Because of this the children
get pneumonia, pain in the stomach and typhoid repeatedly If the hemoglobin goes
down lower than 5 gin the heart of the child stops working properly It is not
necessary that in India as well as in the whole world only poor children get
anemia. Children from well to do family also are found anemic. About 5 to 10% of
such children pass through serious conditions.
anemia is of many varieties. But mainly there are two types, (1) where elemental
iron is less (2) where there is shortage of nutritive food. Besides anemia,
children suffer from thalassemia. Children falling a prey to anemia are such
where 90% of the children have less of iron or nutritive elements. If the food
of children does not contain sufficient iron and protein children can get
anemia. A newborn baby has in its body 0.5 gm of iron, whereas an adult body
contains 5 gin of iron. This would indicate that considering the efficiency of
absorption of food in intestine (this is normally 10%) daily food intake must
contain 10 mg of iron. Thus, more 4.5 gin of iron is needed. To meet this target
the intestine must absorb and supply to the body a minimum of 1 mg iron daily
Besides this the amount of protein in food should also be enough, so that
necessary amount of hemoglobin in required proportion will be available in the
children like bazaar foods. In America such foods are made available by the
widespread chains like McDonald, Pizza-huts, Taco-bell, which market fast foods,
toffees, chocolates, savory, samosa, pizza, pasta, or coke and similar cold
drinks. But most of these foods are made from all-purpose flour (starch);
children hardly absorb any protein or iron from such foods. Even if some slight
measure is available it is almost nil. The parents have a wrong impression that
the children are eating something, but what they eat will initially increase
their weight, but later on make them prey to anemia. Nutritive as well as
balanced food is available from home preparations like cooked food, all types of
cereals, lentils, pulses, vegetables, fruits, and milk and fruit juices.
a child is anemic. It is possible that the child may develop rickets there after
which is a type of bone diseases. It is essential to consult a doctor and get
proper examination carried out immediately in order to establish the need for
iron and vitamin B complex in the blood of the child. Doctors can advise only
after full examination. Children suffer from loss of hunger. They start
disliking food. At that time it is no doubt possible to give them medicines for
making them hungry, here the practice of Asana, Pranayama and Dhyana can be of
great help to the children for making them naturally hungry. However, if a child
is hardly six month or one or two years old, it is advisable to give this child,
who can hardly understand, required medicine. When a child is very young the
parents should exercise self-control and patience. During my tour through
America, I observed many children suffering from anemia. The parents go to work
from the early morning. The children will eat what they like readily from the
refrigerator. When the children return from school the parents are yet not available,
the food then also will be similar type. During weekends (Saturday/Sunday) all
continue sleeping till late hours. The time is consumed in laundry, weekly
purchase and social calls. This way the children are neglected. Although America
has developed on the medical and science fields to a great extent the children
reared develop many physical and mental diseases as well as despondence and
dejection. I have observed such children whose height was 10 to 15 cm less for
their age and their weight was 4 to 6 kg lower than standard. But in my tour
repeated after six months I have observed them quite healthy because of timely
common condition of anemia arises from thalassemia. This is a hereditary
disease. The main reason for this disease is insufficient production or almost
nil production of hemoglobin in the body The main type of thalassemia is beta-thalassemia
where because of the defect in beta-chain, hemoglobin goes on reducing.
whole world about 18 crores people carry genes of beta-thalassemia. About 2.5
crores of such persons reside in India only Every year about one lakh children
in the world and about 8000 children in India are born with thalassemia. In the
whole world children suffer from this disease except in the country of Cyprus.
In India this disease is rampant in North Eastern states, whereas in America the
people who are paid under social security, their children are neglected more;
because the so called social security money is spent out in “pubs and bars”.
symptoms of this disease are discernible by the time a child reaches an age of 5
to 6 months only this disease can be diagnosed by Hb-Electro-foresis or P.C.R.
It is essential for the& future of the child that the diagnosis of this
disease is made as quickly and as early as possible. If it is found necessary,
such a child has to· be regularly given blood transfusion so that the content of hemoglobin
does not go down under 10 gin. And thereby no defect or harm is caused to any
organ of the body as a result of anemia. Many a times, difficult anemic children
require monthly blood transfusion. Such type of blood should not be obtained
from any unknown source or from professional blood donors because such
professional donors lose their original capacity of hemoglobin recouping
capacity of blood.
regular blood transfusion the quantum of iron in the body of the child is
maintained, but it is quite possible that more iron than necessary in the body
could result in damage. It is therefore essential that every two or three months
a test of iron contents be made by a serum ferretin examination. Children
suffering from thalassemia should not be fed red meat, eggs-yoke and spinach.
Such of the items, which contain higher percentage of iron, should not be
permitted. Such condition should be allowed to drink more tea because tenin
contained in tea absorbs or draws in iron element available in the intestines.
abdominal relaxation process or Sivananda Pranayama also affords an additional
advantage. (See Hypertension)
a blanket or a warm cloth on the ground, spread a cotton towel on the same and
lie down with back on the ground and facing upwards. The main reason for this
type of blanket being spread and sleeping there in is that when concentrate over
mind and perform Pranayama, the energy or capability in form of electrical
charge that gets produced from such concentrations may not be conveyed away to
the ground. It is the characteristic of ground to conduct away
hence at the time when we sit for meditation, Pranayama or concentration one
should use a spread which is not a conductor of electricity.
Lie down on your back, bend the legs from knees. Keep equal distance between the legs, see that the two knees do not touch each other Keep the heels near the buttocks with the distance enough to ensure that they do not touch the buttocks. Keep both the hands parallel to the body and the palms facing upwards. Now inhale as slowly as possible and exhale also slowly concentrate on the navel. Because the mind here gets concentrated on the solar plexus, the mind is drawn away from surrounding atmosphere hence the body gradually gets relaxed. But the oxygen lying above the navel and the Apana Vayu lying under the navel both get together and awaken Samana Vayu. And the energy created thereby distributes any element found short in, any organ is known as “eeshta apoorte poorta”. Eeshta means proper, Apoorta. This means lesser and Poorta means sufficient or enough. Thus whichever element is insufficient in the body the same element is sent at the spot in enough quantity. In arranging for missing elements in the blood practice of Pranayama, relaxation, concentration and meditation, play a very major role.
When one lies down with legs bent from the knees and knees pointing upward, the blood circulation in the thighs and parts of the lower body reduces and intestines get enough good quantity of blood. Increase of working capacity of intestines creates a new process of sending the iron that is produced additionally in the various organs of the body in the similar manner one can sit facing East on Padmasana, Sukhasana, Siddhasana or Swastikasana or Vajrasana on a blanket spread on ‘the ground in the early morning hours before sunrise and one can practice Pranayama. The practice of Shitali Pranayama specially is useful for supply of oxygen in a greater quantity. For the performance of Shitali Pranayama One has to prepare a tube shape by turning the tongue tubular. One has to inhale through this tube shaped tongue kept in between two lips; the incoming breath has to be kept in for sometime. While exhaling, the breath is to be taken out through the nose.
If the breath is simply inhaled and exhaled, this process is known as Anuloma and Viloma that is Puraka and Rechaka. The proportion of time to be maintained is 1:2. That means to the time spent in exhaling will be twice the time spent in inhaling, that is, the exhaling is at half the speed of inhaling. If the breath is to be retained inside then the proportion for inhaling and keeping inside, then exhaling, and keeping outside will be in the order and proportion of 1:4:2:4. In the initial stages it may not be possible to maintain the proportion for these four. If it is not possible in the beginning this should go gradually increased. Never make any hurry or haste in inhaling, or exhaling. The belly should expand when you breathe in and the belly should get inside when you exhale. In the execution of all breathing exercises this fact has to be perfectly observed.
Swastikasana ( Fig 69)
performance of Shitali Pranayama tongue is to be turned in a straight tube but
all people may not be able to achieve this. Such persons should extend the
tongue outside the mouth and turn the tongue inside in such a way that the tip
of tongue turns inside towards back of the tongue; you can then keep this tongue
turned in behind the rows of the a teeth
and inhale deeply making a sound like si..........
si............... si................The rest of
the rules apply as in the case of Shitali Pranayama. The latter Pranayama is
known as Shit-kari Pranayama. If these two Pranayamas are performed in the early
morning before sunrise, a very good digestive power is observed, hunger
increases, blood gets purified. (1) Proper food (2) correct treatment and (3)
the practice of Pranayama — these three have proved very valuable for the production of hemoglobin
and necessary elements in the blood in the pure form (see hyper-acidity).
patient of anemia should initially start with practice of Pranayama and light
exercises like Trikonasana and its different forms. Thereafter, Sarvangasana and
Suryanamaskara should also be practiced. All these are very natural for the
children. If the child is younger than 12 years then in place of Sarvangasana,
child can practice Viparitakarani-mudra. The practice of Yoga-mudra is found
useful for purification of blood and increase of blood cells.
We are the architects of our lives. Do not allow enemy to grow and to be powerful. No sooner one knows about the existence of an enemy he should be forcefully brought under control. If this much is done, then well-composed health is easily attainable through Yoga.
Sivananda Yoga (Yoga DVD)
Yoga, A Way of Life - Sri Swami Adhyatmananda
"Yoga and Health" - a complete book with Question & Answer section by Sri Swami Adhyatmananda
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